The Bank of Canada issued the country’s new vertical $10 banknote – the first from the bank’s as-of-yet unnamed eighth series – featuring the portrait of Viola Desmond during a ceremony at Winnipeg’s Canadian Museum for Human Rights (CMHR) today.
Canadians will start to see this new note over the coming weeks as it gradually enters into circulation alongside existing $10 notes.
“Banknotes are not only a secure means of payment that Canadians can use with confidence. They also tell the stories that have shaped our country,” said Bank of Canada Governor Stephen Poloz.
“Now, each time this new vertical $10 bill changes hands, it will remind us of our continued pursuit of human rights and social justice in Canada.”
Poloz was joined at the ceremony by Wanda Robson, Viola Desmond’s younger sister, who spoke about Desmond’s legacy and the ongoing pursuit of human rights and social justice in Canada. They spent the first new banknotes at the CMHR, which itself is featured on the back of the new note.
Also Canada’s first vertical banknote, the new issue features enhanced security features that are easy to check and difficult to counterfeit. These include:
- a colour-shifting eagle feather, which changes from gold to green;
- detailed metallic images in and around the large transparent window—the Library of Parliament’s vaulted dome ceiling, maple leaves and Canada’s flag and coat of arms;
- raised ink on the portrait, the word “Canada” and the large number at the bottom; and
- the use of a single piece of smooth polymer with transparent areas for each note.
“In 1946, Viola Desmond took a courageous stand against injustice that helped inspire a movement for equality and social justice in Canada,” said Jennifer O’Connell, Parliamentary Secretary to the finance minister, who spoke at today’s event.
“More than 70 years later, we honour her as the first Canadian woman to appear on a banknote, and hope her story inspires the next generation of Canadians to follow in her footsteps.”
Desmond, a successful Nova Scotia businesswoman, defiantly refused to leave a whites-only area of a movie theatre in 1946. Her court case was an inspiration for the pursuit of racial equality across Canada. A map of the historic North End of Halifax, where she lived and worked, is also shown on the note.
The back of the note carries Desmond’s legacy into the present with several images and symbols. These include the CMHR, the first museum in the world dedicated solely to the evolution, celebration and future of human rights. Its crisscrossing ramps symbolize the history of human rights in Canada and the world—a history of setbacks and contradictions but built on strength and hope.
The back also features an eagle feather, representing the ongoing journey toward recognizing rights and freedoms for Indigenous peoples in Canada; an excerpt from the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms; and a pattern of laurel leaves, an ancient symbol of justice, which is found in the grand entrance hall of the Supreme Court of Canada.
The new $10 banknote will be rolled out in Canadian financial institutions starting today. It will gradually replace other $10 banknotes in circulation, including the Canada 150 commemorative note and the Frontiers series $10 note, as they wear out.