The only known surviving intact experimental all-glass penny—manufactured in 1942 as an alternative to the copper that was urgently needed during the Second World War—sold for $70,500 USD (about $92,845 Cdn.) in a public auction conducted in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., by Texas’ Heritage Auctions on Jan. 6.
A war between a phone bidder and a floor bidder pushed the cent’s selling price to more than double its $30,000 expected value. The rare penny was eventually won by an American collector bidding via phone. The bidder wishes to remain anonymous.
“This one-of-a-kind cent is a part of U.S. history,” said Mark Borckardt, senior numismatist at Heritage Auctions, of Lot 6170. “Collectors love to own unusual specimens, and although glass failed as a substitute for U.S. coinage, this piece represents a unique artifact of the ingenuity and determination of U.S. Mint officials and private industry.”
Made of tempered, yellow-amber transparent glass by the Blue Ridge Glass Company of Kingsport, Tenn., the example offered in the auction is the only surviving example of two known to exist. The other example is broken in half.
After considering various alternatives, such as glass, plastic and even rubber, the U.S. Mint eventually struck cents made of zinc-coated steel in 1943. By the time the glass cent tests were completed in December 1942, it was too late for the U.S. Mint to consider glass coins as a viable replacement for the penny.
The glass penny was one of many highlights of Heritage’s $65 million series of auctions of rare coins and vintage paper money held last week during the 2017 Florida United Numismatists (FUN) Convention.