OTD: Lieutenant-Governor John Simcoe convenes first provincial parliament

On today’s date in 1792, Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe convened the first meeting of the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada at Newark (present-day Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ont.).

Held from Sept. 17-Oct. 15, the first session of what was the first provincial parliament introduced a limited form of representative government to the newly created colony of Upper Canada, which includes present-day southern Ontario as well as the area north of the Great Lakes.

Statutes of the first session established English property law and civil law as well as trial by jury.

Simcoe convened the first meeting of the legislature of Upper Canada in 1792.

Simcoe convened the first meeting of the legislature of Upper Canada in 1792.


In 1794, Simcoe ordered a halfpenny token to be struck for use in Upper Canada.

It’s believed only a handful of these tokens ever existed. Struck in silver and copper by the Soho Mint – a minting operation established by Matthew Boulton, a business partner of Scottish engineer James Watt, in 1788 – the tokens were engraved by Noël-Alexandre Ponthon.

Simcoe died in England in 1806. He was buried in Wolford Chapel on the Simcoe family estate near Honiton, Devon.

Leave a Reply

Canadian Coin News


Canadian Coin News is Canada's premier source of information about coins, notes and medals.

Although we cover the entire world of numismatics, the majority of our readers are Canadian, and we concentrate on the unique circumstances surrounding collecting in our native land.

Send Us Your Event

Running an event? Send it to us and we will display it on Canadian Coin News!

Submit Event →

Subscribe To 26 Issues For Just $59.99/year

Subscribe today to receive Canada's premier coin publication. Canadian Coin News is available in both paper and digital forms.

Subscribe Now

We acknowledge the financial support of the Government of Canada through the Canada Periodical Fund of the Department of Canadian Heritage.